Kūshankū (クーシンク, 公相君) also called Kūsankū (クーサンクー) or Kankū-dai (観大), is an open hand karate kata that is studied by many practitioners of Okinawan Karate. In many karate styles, there are two versions of the kata: Kūsankū-shō and Kūsankū-dai. The name Kūsankū or Kōsōkun (公相君) is used in Okinawan systems of karate, and refers to a person by the name of Kūsankū, a Chinese diplomat from Fukien who is believed to have traveled to Okinawa to teach his system of fighting. In Japanese systems of karate, the kata has been known as Kankū (translated as gazing heavenward, viewing the sky, or contemplating the sky) ever since it was renamed in the 1930s by Funakoshi Gichin. Kūsankū (クーサンクー公相君) or Kūshankū (クーシンクー), also known as Kwang Shang Fu, was a Chinese martial artist who lived during the 18th century. He is credited as having an influence on virtually all karate-derived martial arts. Kūsankū learned the art of Chuan Fa in China from a Shaolin monk. He was thought to have resided (and possibly studied martial arts) in the Fukien province for much of his life. Around 1756, Kūsankū was sent to Okinawa as an ambassador of the Qing Dynasty.He resided in the village of Kanemura, near Naha City. During his stay in Okinawa, Kūsankū instructed Kanga Sakukawa. Sakugawa trained under Kūsankū for six years. After Kūsankūs death (around 1762), Sakugawa developed and named the Kusanku kata in honor of his teacher.
Annanko / Ananko / Ananku (南) is a kata from Okinawan karate. Its history in Okinawan martial arts is relatively short in comparison to other kata as it was composed by Chotoku Kyan. Its meaning is Light from the South or Peace from the South, as it is thought to originate when Kyan returned from a trip to Taiwan.
Seipai is a Naha-te kata. Seipai is a staple of Goju Ryu stylists and remains remarkably unaltered across all Gojo ryu schools.It is also a kata taught by Kenwa Mabuni in his Shito Ryu style and is still taught in many branch styles of Shito Ryu. There is little to be found on the history and origins of this kata other than the kanji for Seipai which translates to the number 18 using the Okinawan dialect. However, the kanji for Sei can also mean controlling. The pronunciation is an Okinawan rendering of the Fujian dialect. Sei means 10, and pai means 8. It is thought that this name was given because the kata has (or originally had) 18 types of movements / techniques. Traditionally Fujian quan fa schools would have added the word bu meaning steps or sometimes ji meaning skill or technique after such a number. In Okinawa it is traditional to add the character for te meaning hands.
Naihanchi (ナイハンチ) (or Naifanchi (ナイファンチ), Tekki is a karate Kata, performed in straddle stance (naihanchi-dachi / kiba-dachi. It translates to internal divided conflict. The form makes use of in-fighting techniques (i.e. tai sabaki (whole body movement)) and grappling. There are three modern kata derived from this (Shodan, Nidan and Sandan). Some researchers believe Nidan and Sandan were created by Anko Itosu, but others believe that it was originally one kata broken into three separate parts (probably due to constraints of space). The fact that only Naihanchi/Tekki Shodan has a formal opening suggests the kata was split. Itosu is reported to have learned the kata from Sokon Matsumura, who learned it from a Chinese man living in Tomari. Itosu is thought to have changed the original kata. The form is so important to old style karate that Kentsu Yabu (a student of Itosu) often told his students Karate begins and ends with Naihanchi and admonished his students must practice the kata 10,000 times to make it their own. Before Itosu created the Pinan (Heian) kata, Naihanchi would traditionally be taught first in Tomari-te and Shuri-te schools, which indicates its importance. Gichin Funakoshi learned the kata from Anko Asato. Funakoshi renamed the kata Tekki (Iron Horse) in reference to his old teacher, Itosu, and the forms power.